LGBTQ rights in Canada are some of the most advanced in the world. Same-sex marriage was legalized in eight of ten provinces and one of three territories beginning in 2003 and on July 20, 2005, Canada became the first country outside Europe and only the fourth country in the world to legalize same-sex marriage nationwide after the enactment of the Civil Marriage Act. Same-sex adoption has also been legal in all provinces and territories under varying rules. Discrimination on the basis of sexual orientation in employment, housing, and public and private accommodations is banned nationwide. Transgender people are allowed to change their legal gender in all provinces and territories under varying rules. In the face of these legal and cultural shifts, there is a gap for those new to Canada, and both the social landscape that has resulted, and the rights now afforded to the LGBTQ community. For more on this topic, tune into this week's CFN Podcast right here.